Safety Rules for the Shaper
Warning: Before using the shaper, read and understand these important safety instructions:
There are two major factors to consider about the safe operation of the shaping accessory: the speed and the sharpness of the cutter. Remember that the faster the speed and the sharper the cutter, the smoother the cut.
Danger Zone -- The danger zone extends 3" out from cutter in all directions. Work cautiously and slowly, especially when shaping against collars. Working this way will not only keep your hands safe, but will also increase the quality of your output.
Guards for the Shaper -- Shaper guards must be used for all shaping operations. The fence guard is mounted on the shaper fence and the feather board guard is mounted to the quill when fence shaping. The feather board guard is adjustable to accommodate various thicknesses of stock. A feather board is used to hold stock up to 6" wide against the fence.
The circular shield and brush assembly is mounted on the quill when pin shaping. The shield is adjustable to accommodate various thicknesses of stock.
- Wear proper eye and ear protection.
- Always use the shaper insert.
- Wear a dust mask or connect a dust collection system to the dust chute. Keep the dust chute mounted to the shaper insert even if you do not have a dust collection system. The chute guards the cutter below the table. You can collect dust and chips in a trash receptacle positioned beneath the table.
- Tuck long hair under a hat or tie it up. Do not wear ties, gloves, jewelry or loose clothing. Roll sleeves up above your elbows. Wear nonslip footwear.
- When mounting cutters and collars, make certain that the tongue washer is correctly installed and directly under the hex nut and that the nut is tight. Also that the arbor setscrew is tightened against the flat of the spindle.
- Be sure the cutter(s) is positioned with the cutting edge facing to the left. Listen for chatter or signs of looseness at start-up. If you hear, see or suspect problems, turn off the power and unplug the machine. Correct any problem before proceeding.
- Keep cutters clean, maintained and sharp.
- Operate the shaper at speeds between “U” (4400 RPM) and “Fast” (5200 RPM).
- When edge shaping, always use feather boards to guide the workpiece.
- When shaping the end grain of stock 2" to 6" wide, use your miter gauge with safety grip to control the stock, and keep the feather board guard in place to protect your hands and hold the stock down. Do not shape the end grain of stock less than 2" wide.
- Always feed the workpiece from left to right against the rotation of the cutter. Otherwise a kickback will occur.
- Use a push stick to feed a narrow workpiece. When it is necessary to push a workpiece underneath the feather board guard, use a long piece of scrap wood.
- Avoid taking deep cuts. If the amount of material to be removed is substantial, make more than one pass. Set the fence to make a partial cut and then readjust the fence accord-ingly to reach the final shape.
- Cut with the grain.
- Do not stand in line with the workpiece being fed. In the event of a kickback you could be hit.
- Feed the workpiece slowly. Use extra care in shaping workpieces that contain figured grain or knots, as these may cause kickbacks.
- Always feed the workpiece against the rotation of the cutter, left to right in front of the cutter, right to left if cutting with the rear of the cutter. Otherwise a kickback will occur.
- Always use at least one push block to help control the workpiece. Use two if possible.
- Always use the left starter pin. Use the right pin whenever possible.
- Hold the workpiece firmly against the left starter pin and feed the workpiece slowly into the cutter.
- Internal shaping, i.e., the shaping of the edge of a hole or small opening (less than 6" in diameter) in any shape, should not be attempted.
- Knowing Your Machine
- Getting Ready
- Table Saw
- Drill Press
- Horizontal Boring
- Disc Sanding
- Over-Table Router
- Under-Table Shaper
- Making a Project